Confined Spaces

Meet the team : Chris Tennant

   08 January 2024         Blogs

For this month’s Meet the Team blog, we’re introducing our Senior Confined Spaces Trainer, Chris Tennant.

With a rich background in the water industry, Chris has brought a wealth of experience and expertise to Develop over his nine years at the business.

A background in the water industry

Chris began his career after leaving school in electrical engineering, where he worked in the role of coil winder on repairing and rewiring electric motors. Following this, he transitioned into the water industry as a leakage technician on water systems through spells working for companies surveying and mapping of underground assests, including a short spell in the Kurdish region of northern Iraq to train local staff in low cost leak detection methods. Chris eventually joined GWC Ltd., where he was contracted to Thames Water, Severn Trent and Scottish Water to work across various roles including working in a drawing office, surveying manholes and managing the distribution of pressure and leakage surveys.

During my eight years at GWC Ltd, I had the pleasure of travelling all across the UK, covering regions including Scotland, Yorkshire, Cornwall and North London to analyse DMA flow and pressure data.”

Chris then worked for just over a year with H20 Water Services Ltd. as a team leader, working to repair large water leaks in Yorkshire. Following this, Chris then moved back to his previous employer, GWC Ltd., and began training those starting to work in the water industry. This role involved Chris using his many years of experience to help to design and implement training and assessment programmes on leakage practices and equipment.

I grew to learn that many individuals that were entering the water industry had little to no previous experience, so I knew it was my duty to let them know the sorts of scenarios they would be dealing with.”

Joining Develop

In 2014, Chris joined Develop after hearing positive things from a previous manager that had recently joined the company.

Chris initially came on-board to work on the water-side of the distribution network as a training consultant, however, his previous skills quickly caught the attention of the team, and he was soon involved in a wide variety of projects, utilising his previous experience in training too.

Current role and responsibilities

Chris currently works as a Senior Confined Spaces Trainer at Develop. His responsibilities include working closely with other trainers to design Develop’s courses, and training delegates for confined spaces work.

It’s a priority for us to ensure the delivery of our courses meet the specific needs of each of our clients. We collaborate closely with each business we work with to understand their training requirements and how we can streamline our courses to meet their needs.”

Additionally, Chris plays a crucial role in the internal quality assurance aligning courses with the relevant awarding bodies. He also works closely with the sales team and senior account managers to ensure clients receive high-quality training that is catered to the confined spaces environments they are operating in.

Chris recently wrote a blog that provides a detailed 20-point confined space entry checklist for producing a safe system of work. The checklist underscores the critical importance of implementing rigorous safety measures when working within confined spaces, regardless of the industry involved, and has been very well received by Develop’s customers.

Bringing real-world confined space experience

Chris believes it is vital for trainers to apply their own industry experience into their role when training delegates to allow for real-world examples to be applied to the learning materials presented.

“I have found that delegates appreciate trainers with real-world experience, and at Develop, the majority of the trainers we work with have had extensive exposure to the areas they now teach.

In my previous role, we used to survey manholes and I have also experienced being in the Victorian brick sewers and large rainwater tanks, which are all scenarios that I now apply to my teaching from a practical perspective for delegates to learn from.”

10 years of success

Approaching his 10-year anniversary in November 2024, Chris has played a pivotal role in developing bespoke courses for Develop’s wide range of clients.

“A particular highlight of mine is when we designed and delivered a remote course for individuals that were managing the confined spaces work, but wouldn’t be entering the confined spaces themselves.

We developed an in-depth, interactive course that included breakout rooms, questionnaires and an assignment that we then marked and provided feedback on.

The remote course was a great success and evidenced our commitment to creating innovative and tailored solutions to meet the needs of delegates.”

Life in Norfolk

Outside of work, Chris keeps himself busy with cycling, hiking and photography. His weekends often involve walks along nearby rivers, and he’s even had the opportunity to explore the Lake District twice this year.

Chris Tennant is more than just a Senior Confined Spaces Trainer; he’s a dedicated professional with a passion for quality training and many years of industry experience.

Confined Spaces Training Team

Interested in finding out more about Develop’s Confined Space training team? Click here to discover more about the team and their range of abilities.

Visit our dedicated webpage to view all the confined spaces training offered by Develop, all of which can be offered at one of our training centres in Swindon, York or Derby, as well as on-site at a location of your choice via our confined spaces mobile unit.

Alternatively, click on one of the blog posts below to find out more about confined spaces and how your organisation should be managing them.

Recent Blog Posts & News

Confined Spaces

What do the confined space regulations say?

   01 December 2023         Blogs

Regulations can be confusing, frustrating and difficult to understand; particularly when concerning confined spaces. The definition of a confined space is broad and can lead to a grey area that poses several risks for the safety of workers and the potential for large fines if regulations aren’t adhered to correctly.

What are the 1997 confined space regulations?

The Confined Spaces Regulations of 1997 contain the following three key duties:

  1. Avoid entry to confined spaces where possible, e.g. by doing the work from the outside
  2. If entry to a confined space is unavoidable, follow a safe system of work
  3. Put in place adequate emergency arrangements before the work start

What should be done before working in a confined space?

Before any work in confined spaces takes place, a suitable and sufficient risk assessment must take place.

There is often confusion as to whether there are any specific hazards within an environment, but therein lies the problem; just because there are no known hazards doesn’t mean that they don’t exist.

A correct risk assessment involves identifying all of the potential hazards that are present, and from this, all risks can be assessed and safety precautions can be determined.

The following areas should be considered:

  • The task and the environment
  • The suitability of employees
  • The working environment
  • Working tools and materials
  • Arrangements in case of emergency

A safe system of work for confined spaces

If your assessment identifies any risks of injury, the Confined Spaces Regulations 1997 outline several key duties:

If possible, avoid entry to confined spaces environments

Check if there is any other viable way for the work to be completed, a different approach (such as working from the outside) can reduce the need for confined space work. Pose the question as to whether the work is necessary at all or consider modifying the space itself so that entry is no longer required.

If entry is unavoidable, follow a safe system of work

Use the results of your risk assessment to identify all possible precautions in order to reduce the risk of injury. This system must be identified and put into practice and everyone involved will need proper training and instruction. Which of course, Develop can assist with – you can see our full range of confined spaces training courses here.

Suitability of employees

As well as the general training for all employees, you may need to appoint competent people to help you manage the risks. Furthermore, supervisors should be given responsibility to ensure that the necessary precautions are taken, to check safety at each stage and may need to remain present while work is underway.

Working tools and materials

PPE in such environments is a given, but in some cases the use of additional signage and special emergency communication tools and electronic sensors will be necessary. Workers will also need to be mindful of introducing a hazard within the space, such as flammable and aerosol like materials.

There should always be training on how to use all rescue and resuscitation equipment.

Safety arrangements in case of emergency rescue from a confined space

Regulation 5 of the Confined Space Regulations 1997 states:

... no person at work shall enter or carry out work in a confined space unless there have been prepared in respect of that confined space suitable and sufficient arrangements for the rescue of persons in the event of an emergency, whether or not arising out of a specified risk.”

Having a rescue team present at every confined space entry is not a legal requirement. However, it is a requirement to have both suitable and sufficient emergency arrangements in place.

Your arrangements should be aligned with the level of risk. They should be suitable, sufficient and in accordance with current best practice.

These rescue arrangements may include:

Self-Rescue – for a very low risk entry, this may include the use of gas detection equipment and escape breathing apparatus which gives the wearer sufficient air to evacuate.

Non-Entry Rescue – for a vertical entry where the entrant does not traverse and will not become entangled, this may include the wearing of a harness connected to a mechanical device capable of lifting a casualty out of the space.

Casualty Extraction – for an entry where there’s no risk of a hazardous atmosphere, a casualty extraction team can recover a casualty who has become ill or injured.

Rescue Team – this will be more appropriate for an entry where there is a reasonably foreseeable risk of a hazardous atmosphere.

Confined spaces training

At Develop Training, we believe that a well-trained workforce is the bedrock of workplace safety. Our tailored training programmes equip your employees with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate confined spaces safely, ultimately reducing accidents and saving lives.

Remember, investing in training is an investment in your employees’ well-being and the overall success of your business.

We offer a wide range of confined space training solutions including:

Awareness of Confined Spaces

Confined Space Entry & Escape Breathing Apparatus

Level 2 Award in Working in High Risk Confined Spaces

Level 3 Award in Emergency Rescue & Recovery of Casualities from Confined Spaces

Level 2 Award in Working in Low Risk Confined Spaces

Confined Space Medium Risk & Top Person

Authorised Person: Confined Spaces

View our full range of confined spaces courses here:


Our locations

Training can be offered at our Derby, Swindon or York based centres or at a location of your choice via our mobile confined space unit: Learn more


Contact us

Contact us today on 0800 876 6708 or to learn more about our comprehensive confined space training solutions.

Confined Spaces

7 Things to Know About Confined Spaces

   01 November 2023         Blogs

Confined spaces present unique challenges and risks that require careful consideration and preparation. Whether you work in construction, manufacturing, utilities or any industry that involves confined spaces, it’s crucial to understand the potential hazards and safety measures to ensure a safe working environment.

In this blog post, we will explore seven essential things you should know about confined spaces and why it’s crucial for employers to understand confined space legislation and ensure employees receive proper training:

What is a Confined Space and how to define one

Before delving into the details, it’s essential to define what constitutes a confined space. As defined by the HSE, a confined space is “one which is both enclosed or largely enclosed and has a reasonably foreseeable specified risk to workers of:

  • fire
  • explosion
  • loss of consciousness
  • asphyxiation
  • drowning

Examples include tanks, silos, tunnels, sewers, and even storage bins. These spaces can pose a threat due to their limited access, poor ventilation, and potential for hazardous materials or atmospheres.

1. Common Hazards in Confined Spaces

Understanding the hazards associated with confined spaces is paramount. Some of the most common dangers include:

  1. Atmospheric Hazards: Confined spaces can contain toxic gases, flammable substances, or a lack of oxygen, all of which can be deadly.
  2. Engulfment: Workers can be buried or submerged in materials such as grain, sand, or liquids.
  3. Entrapment: Moving parts or equipment within the confined space can trap workers.
  4. Physical Hazards: Limited visibility and tight spaces can lead to slips, trips, falls, or injuries from equipment.
  5. Temperature Extremes: Confined spaces can have extreme temperatures, causing heat stress or hypothermia.

2. Confined Space Entry Permits and Procedures

Access to confined spaces that have a higher level of risk should be carefully controlled through a permit system. Before entry, a Confined Space Entry Permit should be issued, detailing the necessary safety measures, hazard assessments, and the personnel allowed inside. Proper training and communication are crucial in ensuring everyone understands their roles and responsibilities during confined space entry.

3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Workers entering confined spaces must wear appropriate PPE, which may include respirators, gas monitors, harnesses, helmets, and protective clothing. The choice of PPE should align with the identified hazards to provide maximum protection.

4. Ventilation and Air Quality Monitoring in Confined Spaces

Ventilation is essential to maintain safe atmospheric conditions inside a confined space. Adequate ventilation systems, along with continuous air quality monitoring, can help ensure that the air remains safe for workers. Gas detectors can warn of hazardous conditions, allowing workers to exit in case of danger.

5. Training and Emergency Response & Rescue from Confined Spaces

Proper training is key to preventing accidents in confined spaces. Workers should be trained in confined space entry procedures, emergency response plans, and the use of safety equipment. Additionally, a well-practiced emergency response plan should be in place to quickly rescue workers in distress.

6. Regular Inspections and Maintenance

Regular inspections and maintenance of confined spaces are crucial for identifying and addressing potential hazards. This includes checking equipment, testing the atmosphere, and ensuring that access points remain safe. Preventative maintenance reduces the likelihood of incidents and keeps workers safe.

7. Confined spaces legislation and training

The significance of training in confined spaces cannot be overstated. Training is not just important, but necessary under law.

The key duties of an employer are as follows:

To avoid entry into confined spaces wherever possible, if unavoidable, follow a safe system of work and put in adequate emergency arrangements before work starts.

To view HSE guidelines, follow this link.

At Develop Training, we believe that a well-trained workforce is the bedrock of workplace safety. Our tailored confined space training programmes equip your employees with the knowledge and skills necessary to navigate confined spaces safely, ultimately reducing accidents and saving lives.

Remember, investing in training is an investment in your employees’ well-being and the overall success of your business.

Confined space training for all levels and requirements

Develop offers courses for those who need to enter, supervise or plan entry into a place designated as a confined space. Our courses cover low, medium and high risk confined spaces as well as emergency rescue and recovery of casualties.

View our full range of confined spaces courses here:

Did you know we have a mobile confined space unit? Learn more

Confined Spaces

20-point checklist for a safe system of work in confined spaces

   10 October 2023         Blogs

Anyone, in any industry, can be exposed to working in confined spaces – sometimes without even realising it. It’s important to mitigate the risks associated with confined spaces, which can be fatal.

Here’s our 20-point confined space entry checklist for producing a safe system of work in such conditions:

Click here to download as a pdf

1. Supervision in confined spaces

The degree of supervision should be based on the findings of the risk assessment. In some cases an employer might simply instruct an employee how to do the work and then periodically check that all is well. For example if the work is routine, the precautions straightforward, and all the arrangements for safety can be properly controlled by the person carrying out the work. It is more likely that the risk assessment will identify a level of risk that requires the appointment of a competent person to supervise the work and who may need to remain present while the work is being undertaken.

It will be the supervisor’s role to ensure that the permit-to-work system, where applicable, operates properly, the necessary safety precautions are taken, and that anyone in the vicinity of the confined space is informed of the work being done.

Do you supervise work in confined spaces? Develop offer a number of confined space training courses specifically for those who supervise work.

2. Competence for confined space working

Workers must have adequate training and experience in the particular work involved to be competent to work safely in a confined space. Training standards must be appropriate to the task, and to the individual’s roles and responsibilities, so that work can be carried out safely. Where the risk assessment indicates that properly trained individuals can work for periods without supervision, you should check that they are competent to follow the established safe system of work and have been provided with adequate information and instruction about the work to be done.

Individual health assessments should be considered for those areas that have a higher risk attached to the confined space or the efforts required to enter and work in them.

Those that are managing the work in confined spaces must also be trained in the dangers of confined working and the measures to be taken to reduce the risk to those working in them.

group of people working in a confined space3. Communications

An adequate communication system must be in place and should enable communication:
(a) between those inside the confined space;

(b) between those inside the confined space and those outside;

(c) to summon help in case of emergency.

Whatever system is used, and it can be based on speech, tugs on a rope, the telephone, radio etc, all messages should be able to be communicated easily, rapidly and unambiguously between relevant people.

Consider whether the communication methods are appropriate for any workers wearing breathing apparatus. The communication system should also cover the need for those outside the space to raise the alarm and set in motion emergency rescue procedures.

Equipment such as telephones and radios should be protected so that they do not present a source of ignition where there is a risk of flammable or potentially explosive atmospheres.

Those that are managing the work in confined spaces must also be trained in the dangers of confined working and the measures to be taken to reduce the risk to those working in them.

4. Testing/monitoring the atmosphere in a confined space

Prior to entry, the atmosphere within a confined space should be tested to check the oxygen concentration or for the presence of hazardous gas, fume or vapour. Testing should be carried out where knowledge of the confined space (e.g. from information about its previous contents or chemicals used in a previous activity in the space) indicates that the atmosphere might be contaminated or to any extent unsafe to breathe, or where any doubt exists as to the condition of the atmosphere. Testing should also be carried out if the atmosphere was known to be contaminated previously, was ventilated as a consequence, and needed to be tested to check the result.

5. Gas purging in confined spaces

Where the risk assessment has identified the presence or possible presence of flammable or toxic gases or vapours, there may be a need to purge the gas or vapour from the confined space. This can be done with air or an inert gas where toxic contaminants are present, but with inert gas only where there are flammable contaminants.

You can only use inert gas for purging flammable gas or vapour because any purging with air could produce a flammable mixture within the confined space. Where purging has been carried out, the atmosphere must be tested to check that purging has been effective, and that it is safe to breathe, before allowing people to enter.

worker entering a confined space using breathing apparatus6. Ventilation whilst working in confined spaces

Some confined spaces require mechanical ventilation to provide sufficient fresh air to replace the oxygen that is being used up by people working in the space, and to dilute and remove gas, fume or vapour produced by the work. This can be done by using a blower fan and trunking and/or an exhaust fan or ejector and trunking (provided that there is an adequate supply of fresh air to replace the used air).

Fresh air should be drawn from a point where it is not contaminated either by used air or other pollutants. Never introduce additional oxygen into a confined space to ‘sweeten’ the air as this can lead to oxygen enrichment in the atmosphere that can render certain substances (e.g. grease) liable to spontaneous combustion, and will greatly increase the combustibility of other materials. Oxygen above the normal concentration in air may also have a toxic effect if inhaled.

7. Removal of residues – cleaning

Cleaning or removal of residues is often the purpose of confined space work. In some cases residues will need to be removed to allow other work to be undertaken safely. Appropriate measures should be taken where risks from the residues are identified.

For example, dangerous substances (such as hazardous gas, fume or vapour) can be released when residues are disturbed or, particularly, when heat is applied to them. The measures might include the use of powered ventilation equipment, specially protected electrical equipment for use in hazardous atmospheres, respiratory protective equipment and atmospheric monitoring. The cleaning or removal process might need to be repeated to ensure that all residues have been removed, and may need to deal with residues trapped in sludge, scale or other deposits, brickwork, or behind loose linings, in liquid traps, in joints in vessels, in pipe bends, or in other places where removal is difficult.

8. Isolation from gases, liquids and flowing materials

Confined spaces should be securely isolated from ingress of substances that could pose a risk to those working within the space. An effective method is to disconnect the confined space completely from every item of plant either by removing a section of pipe or duct or by inserting blanks.

If blanks are used, the spectacle type with one lens solid and the other a ring makes checking easier. When disconnection cannot be done in this way one alternative is a suitable, reliable valve that is locked shut, providing there is no possibility of it allowing anything to pass through when locked, or of being unlocked when people are inside the confined space.

sparks flying in a confined space9. Isolation from mechanical and electrical equipment

Some confined spaces contain electrical and mechanical equipment with power supplied from outside the space. Unless the risk assessment specifically enables the system of work to allow power to remain on, either for the purposes of the task being undertaken or as vital services (ie lighting, vital communications, fire fighting, pumping where flooding is a risk, or cables distributing power to other areas), the power should be disconnected, separated from the equipment, and a check made to ensure isolation has been effective.

 10. Selection and use of suitable equipment

Any equipment provided for use in a confined space must be suitable for the purpose. Where there is a risk of a flammable gas seeping into a confined space and which could be ignited by electrical sources (eg a portable hand lamp), specially protected electrical equipment should be used, for example a lamp certified for use in explosive atmospheres.

Note that specially designed low-voltage portable lights, while offering protection against electrocution, could still present ignition sources and are not in themselves safer in flammable or potentially explosive atmospheres.

All equipment should be carefully selected bearing in mind the conditions and risks where it will be used. Earthing should be considered to prevent static charge build-up. In addition to isolation, mechanical equipment may need to be secured against free rotation, as people may tread or lean on it, and risk trapping or falling.

Enjoying this blog post?

Do you want to learn more about safety in confined spaces and how you can implement a safe system of work? Download our confined space training flowchart to find the right level of training for you and your workforce.

11. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) & Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE)

So far as reasonably practicable you should ensure that a confined space is safe to work in without the need for personal protective equipment (PPE) and respiratory protective equipment (RPE). PPE and RPE should be a last resort, except for confined space rescue work (including the work of the emergency services). This is because its use can make movement more difficult, it can add to the effects of hot temperature, and can be heavy.

Your confined space risk assessment may identify the need for PPE and RPE, in which case it should be suitable and should be provided and used by those entering and working in confined spaces. Such equipment is in addition to engineering controls and safe systems of work.

employee crouching in a dark tunnel

12. Portable gas cylinders and internal combustion engines

Never use petrol-fuelled internal combustion engines in confined spaces because of the fumes they produce and the ease with which petrol vapour ignites. Gas cylinders should not normally be used within a confined space unless special precautions are taken.

Portable gas cylinders (for heat, power or light), and diesel-fuelled internal combustion engines are nearly as hazardous as petrol-fuelled engines and are inappropriate unless exceptional precautions are taken.

13. Gas supplied by hoses and pipes

The use of pipes and hoses for conveying oxygen or flammable gases into a confined space should be controlled to minimise the risks. It is important that at the end of every working period, other than during short interruptions, the supply valves for pipes and hoses should be securely closed before the pipes and hoses are withdrawn from the confined space to a place that is well ventilated.

Where pipes and hoses cannot be removed, they should be disconnected from the gas supply at a point outside the confined space and their contents safely vented.

14. Access and egress in confined spaces

You should provide a safe way in and out of the confined space. Wherever possible, allow quick, unobstructed and ready access. The means of escape must be suitable for use by the individual who enters the confined space so that they can quickly escape in an emergency.

Suitable means to prevent access should be in place when there is no need for anybody to work in the confined space.

The safe system of work should ensure that everyone has left the confined space during ‘boxing-up’ operations, particularly when the space is complicated and extensive (for example in boilers, cableways and culverts where there can be numerous entry/exit points).

What training do I need for safe working in confined spaces?

The training required depends on the kind of work you and your team are carrying out. Develop Training can advise the best training course for your needs or even provide a bespoke programme of training tailored to your organisations’ individual requirements. Simply contact us on 0800 876 6708 or

We offer a range of City & Guilds and CAWBI accredited training courses for those who work in confined spaces including:

Confined Space Entry and Escape – Breathing Apparatus – training course for awareness entering confined spaces with escape BA equipment and systems

Level 2 Award in Tunnel Entry and Associated Emergency Procedures – for those who enter tunnels and require entry qualifications

Level 2 Award in Working in High Risk Confined Spacessafe entry training course for working in high risk confined spaces using compressed air and full working set breathing apparatus

Level 2 Award in Working Low Risk Confined Spacesrisk assessment training course for working in low risk confined spaces

Level 2 Award in Working in Medium Risk Confined Spacesrisk assessment training course for working in medium risk confined spaces

Level 3 Award in Emergency Rescue & Recovery of Casualties from Confined Spaces training course for planning and preparing emergency rescue and recovery actions of standby rescue teams

Confined Space – Medium Risk and Top PersonCity and Guilds Level 2 Award in Entrant and Entry controller. Training course for both Top person and entry into a medium risk confined space

15. Fire prevention

Wherever possible, flammable and combustible materials should not be stored in confined spaces that have not been specifically created or allocated for that purpose. If they accumulate as a result of work they should be removed as soon as possible and before they begin to create a risk.

Where flammable materials need to be located in a confined space, the quantity of the material should be kept to a minimum. In most cases flammable materials should not be stored in confined spaces. However, there may be special cases where this is necessary, for example in tunnelling. In these cases they should be stored in suitable fire-resistant containers.

If there is a risk of flammable or potentially explosive atmospheres, take actions to eliminate the risk such as removal by cleaning, effective use of thorough ventilation, and control of sources of ignition.

16. Lighting in confined spaces

Adequate and suitable lighting, including emergency lighting, should be provided. For example, the lighting should be specially protected if used where flammable or potentially explosive atmospheres are likely to occur. Other gases may be present that could break down thermally on the unprotected hot surfaces of a lighting system and produce other toxic products.

Lighting may need to be protected against knocks (e.g. by a wire cage), and/or be waterproof. Where water is present in the space, suitable plug/socket connectors capable of withstanding wet or damp conditions should be used and protected by residual current devices (RCDs).

The position of lighting may also be important, for example to give ample clearance for work or rescue to be carried out unobstructed.

17. Static electricity

Exclude static discharges and all sources of ignition if there is a risk of a flammable or explosive atmosphere in the confined space. All conducting items, such as steel trunking and airlines, should be bonded and effectively earthed. If cleaning operations are to be carried out, assess the risks posed by the use or presence of high-resistivity materials (such as synthetic plastics) in and adjacent to the confined space.

Even poor choice of clothing and PPE may lead to a build of static electricity in some cases.

18. Generators, Compressors and Smoking

The results of the risk assessment may indicate that it is necessary to set an exclusion area for equipment and smoking to a suitable distance beyond the confined space. For example, where there is a risk of explosion, or to stop any fumes and vapours from entering the confined space from the equipment.

19. Emergencies & rescue in confined spaces

The arrangements for emergency rescue, required under regulation 5 of the Confined Spaces Regulations, must be suitable and sufficient. If necessary, equipment to enable resuscitation procedures to be carried out should be provided. The arrangements should be in place before any person enters or works in a confined space.

A major cause of death and injury in confined spaces incidents is due to ill-conceived attempts to save others who have collapsed or ceased to respond. You should not enter a confined space without ensuring you will not also be affected.

Rescues need to be undertaken by trained and sufficiently equipped individuals to the environment they are entering. All those undertaking a rescue must also adhere to any risk assessments and safe systems of work that are in place for the rescue of persons who are unable to extricate themselves.

Additional first aid training for the use in resuscitation and defibrillating equipment may also need to be considered.

Need training?

Emergency rescue & recovery of casualties training course

20. Limited working time

There may be a need to limit the time period that individuals are allowed to work in a confined space, for example where RPE is used, or under extreme conditions of temperature and humidity, or if the confined space is so small that movement is severely restricted.

For a large confined space and multiple entries, a logging or tally system may be necessary to check everyone in and out and to control duration of entry. There may be additional risks to consider when entry to a confined space is required. These could include the integrity of the confined space (e.g. corroded structure, cold temperatures, loss of rigidity when a tank is drained, trip hazards, noise etc). While these are not specific risks or limited to confined spaces, they should still be considered as part of the general risk assessment and tackled as far as reasonably practicable.


In conclusion, this 20-point confined space safe system of work checklist underscores the critical importance of implementing rigorous safety measures when working within confined spaces, regardless of the industry involved.

For organisations seeking to ensure their employees are well-prepared and trained to work safely in confined spaces, partnering with Develop Training can be a valuable solution.

Click here to download this checklist as a pdf.

Specialised confined space training programmes

Develop offers a range of specialised confined spaces training programmes designed to address the specific needs and challenges of confined space work. Our expert Trainers and wide range of low, medium, high risk and rescue courses provide employees with the knowledge and skills required to navigate the complexities of confined spaces safely and efficiently.

Low/medium/high risk and rescue confined space training courses

Whether it’s confined space training in risk assessment, proper equipment use, emergency response procedures, or compliance with safety regulations, or a customised programme that meets your organisation’s unique requirements, by choosing Develop as your training provider, you can empower your workforce with the competence and confidence needed to work in confined spaces while minimising risks and ensuring a safer work environment.

View all confined space training courses

Click here to view our full range of confined spaces training courses.

Further information on confined spaces training and legislative requirements can be found in The Confined Spaces Regulations 1997.

On-site confined spaces training

We have confined space training facilities at our York, Derby and Swindon training centres as well as a small mobile trailer and a large mobile confined space truck. Click here to learn more about our mobile confined spaces truck.

About the Author

Chris Tennant

Chris Tennant, Senior Confined Spaces Trainer

Chris joined Develop Training in 2014 after a long career in the water industry, having worked for notable organisation's such as Thames Water, Severn Trent and Scottish Water. Drawing from his extensive experience, Chris possesses an in-depth and first-hand knowledge of confined spaces. His comprehensive industry background is underscored by a portfolio of qualifications, including TAQA, AET, Lantra, and a certification in first aid. Furthermore, Chris has recently played a pivotal role in a significant contract, collaborating with a prominent water company to provide essential confined space training to management, planning, and other teams. His guidance has been instrumental in outlining the proper protocols for undertaking confined space work and the requisite qualifications for staff operating in these environments.

Professional accreditations